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Remarks: Note: the end date for Martin Schilling's model production is taken from Henri Poincaré Institute's website.

Martin Schilling took over the distribution of mathematical models from Ludwig Brill around 1900. These models were designed by mathematicians, manufactured and distributed by Brill and then Schilling, and sold to professional mathematicians and mathematics educators in Europe and the United States. The models were meant to embody the German mathematical pedagogical ideals laid out by Felix Klein.

The thirty-two series of mathematical models made by Martin Schilling are documented: Irene Polo Blanco, Lotte van der Zalm "Mathematical models of surfaces," http://www.math.rug.nl/models/ (accessed 06/30/2015)

A discussion of Schilling and Brill and the manufacture and distribtion of their mathematical models is available from

Ronald Calinger, *Vita mathematica: historical research and integration with teaching* (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996), see especially pp. 202 - 204.

Schilling and Brill are also mentioned in an article "Mathematical Models and Modern Art" History of Models (accessed via the Internet Archive Wayback machine) http://web.archive.org/web/20100502155532/http://math.bu.edu/people/angelav/projects/models/art.html (accessed 06/30/2015). This article also has a useful bibliography for further research.

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